It is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family native to south-western Europe. It extends through France, the Iberian peninsula and north-western Italy, in addition to Corsica and the Balearic Islands. It has been naturalized in the southern United Kingdom, where it was introduced as a hunting species. It is replaced in south-eastern Europe by its very similar relative, the Greek partridge (Alectoris graeca). It coincides in the northern part of its range with the gray partridge (Perdix perdix).
The red-legged partridge is a mainly land-based and sedentary bird, which forms flocks outside the breeding season. It breeds in open plains and low dry climate forests, such as rain-fed agricultural land and open stony areas where it nests in the ground. It generally feeds on seeds and other plant matter, but youngsters in particular like insects as an essential protein supplement.

Scientific name Alectoris Rufa
Region to which it belongs Phasianidae
Hunting season October-March